Whether you call them snap beans, string beans or
green beans, they are the second most popular home garden vegetable after tomatoes.
It's easy to see why. The beans are relatively easy care and give off a good yield.
bean seeds like warm soil and a full sun location. Don't plant any seeds until
all danger of frost has passed and the soil temperature remains above 65 degrees.
Some garden experts say you'll get the best results and overall healthier plants
if you wait until the soil is at least 70°F.
Some gardeners start
bean seeds indoors. You can do this if you can provide the seeds the necessary
warmth and light. Using peat pots you can start green bean seeds about 4-6 weeks
before the last threat of frost for your area. Following the above rule for soil
temperature the seedlings can be planted outdoors when they reach a height of
on the variety of seed you choose the growing season is between 45 and 75 days
The Best Soil for Green Beans - How
to Test Soil Ph
Green beans also like well-drained and fertile
soil. Buy compost-enriched soil or work plenty of aged organic
matter (compost and well-rotted manure) into the soil. The soil pH should be between
6.0 and 6.8. Add lime if necessary.
It's highly recommended, especially
for first time gardens, that you test the soil. This is easy to do with a soil
ph tester.You can purchase a Ph tester for between $8 and up to $100 or more.
Here are two soil Ph testers, both under twenty dollars. Click images Below.
Here is a
great tutorial on how
to test soil Ph from wikiHOW.
Green beans prefer soil that has not
recently been planted with beans, potatoes, tomatoes, lettuce or cabbage.
Some garden experts suggest that you
move your green bean plantings to a different spot each year. If you can't move
them yearly, move them at least every three years. This helps prevent their roots
from picking up any diseases from the dirt which could lead to root rot.
Green Bean Seeds
it's easy to find fungicide treated seeds. The fungicide helps to prevent certain
plant diseases from occurring. You can also choose beans varieties that are resistant
to disease such as rust, powdery mildew, bean mosaic and curly top. This is not
a guarantee you won't develop problems in the garden, but it's an extra measure
of help against them.
The size and configuration of your garden will be one of the determining
factors of the type of beans you grow. There are two types, pole
beans and bush beans.
Planting Bush Bean Seeds
Place green bean seeds
to a 1 inch depth. Cover the seed with dirt to fill the furrow . Plant the seeds
1-2 inches apart in rows that are 2 to 2 1/2 feet apart. Water well. When the
bean plants reach 3 inches height, thin them to 3 to 4 inches apart.
Pole Green Beans
planting pole beans you will want to plant them on hills or mounds. These mounds
should be 3 feet apart with rows 3-4 feet wide.
a stake in the center of the mound and place 3 or 4 bean seeds around the pole
one inch deep in the soil. Water well and keep the seeds moist. You should see
the seeds start to sprout within 7 days.
You can fertilize the area about two weeks before
you plant the green bean seeds with a 10-20-10 following manufacturer instructions,
or you can add fertilizer directly to the furrows as you dig them.
need to continue to fertilize the beans during their growing season. Follow the
manufacturers instructions. Scatter 1/2 cup of fertilizer over each 10 foot row
of beans. Water the fertilizer well into the soil.
inch of water a week is the general rule, whether it comes via rain or the hose.
Water the plants during spells of dry weather. Water them directly at their roots,
trying to keep the plant as dry as possible. It's best to water in the morning
so that the plant leaves can dry out. This helps prevent diseases like leaf mold.
Do not let the soil dry out. Keep it uniformly moist at all times. This can help
prevent blossom drop.
Garden experts are at odds over exactly what
causes blossoms to drop. Some believe it's due to fluctuations in moisture. Some
think it's caused by fluctuations between day and night temperatures. Some think
it's a combination of both. As an extra precaution, along with keeping the plants
evenly watered and only watering at the roots, you can consider adding mulch to
help keep soil temperature evenly regulated.
on the variety of seed you choose the growing season is between 45 and 75 days.
Green beans should be harvested before you notice any bulge in the pod. The
pods should be crisp and firm and should easily "snap" when broken in
two (that's how green beans have also become known as snap beans).
the plant itself with care when harvesting the beans Don't tug or yank on the
plant. Treat the plants gently and they'll continue to produce. Use one hand to
hold the stem and one hand to pluck the bean. Harvest the beans when the plant
The secret to a productive
garden and a happy gardener is planning. Gardening success isn't guaranteed but
you can help raise your odds. Make sure your garden soil is properly prepared.
Make sure your garden will get plenty of full sunlight. You don't want every green
bean in your garden to become ready to pick at the same time. No matter what type
of vegetable you're planting in your home garden you want to stagger the plantings
so you will have a continuous supply all season.
Depending on the variety of seed you choose the growing season is between 45 and
In order to have a continuous supply of green beans throughout their growing
season stagger the plantings. Plant seeds every three weeks until mid-season,
but not past August.
order to help ensure your success if the soil is very dry in July-August plant
the seeds at a depth of 1 1/2 inches to help them maintain adequate moisture.
Bean Garden Tips
As green beans can suffer from fungus brought
on by too much moisture (on the plant itself), make sure you practice wide row
spacing to keep the moisture levels on the plants down.
secret to increase your green bean production is to keep picking them. The more
you pick, the more will grow.
Bean Garden Pests
Mexican bean beetle is an enemy of your green bean garden as are aphids and leafhoppers.
Holes in the leaves are an indicator of beetles or caterpillars. Manually remove
any beetles you find and check the undersides of the leaves. If you see eggs remove
Spider mites and aphids can also be a problem in some gardens.
You can consider treating with
rotenone dust or a non-toxic insecticidal soap.
always best to check with your local agriculture service agent for advice if you
have any questions related to particular garden pests or pest control for your